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Monaco di Baviera


Monaco di Baviera
Photo Information
Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio2006) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4566 W: 106 N: 6071] (54757)
Genre: Places
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2004-10-07
Exposure: f/10.0, 1/200 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2012-12-04 9:08
Viewed: 1919
Points: 40
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Cari amici me ne vado a fare un giro in giro in Austria e Germania, ci vediamo tra qualche giorno, ecco un anticipo di una della mie tappe, foto scattata con la vecchia D70

Monaco di Baviera
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
Monaco di Baviera è una città extracircondariale della Germania più meridionale, capitale della Baviera. Situata sulle rive del fiume Isar. Dopo Berlino ed Amburgo è la terza città tedesca per numero di abitanti, con una popolazione di circa 1,38 milioni nel comune (dati di dicembre 2011) e di circa 2 milioni nell'area metropolitana.
È la città più importante della Germania meridionale, grazie alle residenze reali, agli immensi parchi, ai suoi musei, alle sue chiese barocche, al folclore bavarese ancora molto vissuto, alla vicinanza delle Prealpi e delle Alpi e naturalmente grazie alla birra ed alla sua manifestazione più famosa, l'Oktoberfest.
Il santo patrono della città è San Benno di Meissen.
La città è ubicata lungo le rive del fiume Isar, che la attraversa. I dintorni della città sono disseminati di boschi di conifere e di laghi, tra cui il lago di Starnberg a sudovest. Dista 495 km da Berlino e 616 km da Amburgo.
La storia di Monaco di Baviera inizia nel 1158 quando Enrico il Leone, duca di Sassonia, installa un accampamento militare battezzandolo Munichen (in latino Monacum, in volgare Monachium): mezzo secolo più tardi essa ricevette lo status di città fortificata. Inizialmente il vescovo ed Enrico ebbero una disputa su chi dovesse mantenere il controllo della città, ma dopo la Dieta di Augusta, sotto la guida di Enrico il Leone, Federico I Barbarossa concesse a Otto von Wittelsbach il titolo di duca di Baviera. I suoi discendenti, la dinastia Wittelsbach appunto, avrebbero governato la Baviera fino al 1918. Nel 1255 il ducato bavarese venne scisso in due e Monaco divenne la residenza ducale dell'Alta Baviera.
Nel 1327 l'intera città fu distrutta da un incendio, ma venne ricostruita in pochi anni grazie anche all'aiuto dell'imperatore del Sacro Romano Impero Ludovico IV.
Nel 1632 la città fu occupata dalle truppe di Gustavo II Adolfo di Svezia, durante la guerra dei Trent'anni e successivamente 1705 fu sottomessa agli Asburgo per alcuni anni. Nel 1759 venne fondata la prima istituzione accademica bavarese. Nel 1806 divenne capitale del nuovo regno di Baviera e furono costruiti i palazzi del parlamento e dell'Arcidiocesi di Monaco e Frisinga. Vent'anni più tardi l'Università della Baviera si insediò nella nuova sede cittadina. Molti degli edifici e delle piazze più belle di questo periodo sono stati costruiti durante i regni di Ludovico I e Massimiliano II, come la Ruhmeshalle o molti palazzi della Ludwigstraße e del Königsplatz (opere degli architetti Leo von Klenze e Friedrich von Gärtner) e la statua della Baviera di Ludwig Michael von Schwanthaler.
Nel 1882 a Monaco fu introdotta la luce elettrica e la città ospitò nello stesso anno la prima fiera dell'elettricità in Germania[. Diciannove anni più tardi venne aperto lo zoo Tierpark Hellabrunn.
Dopo la prima guerra mondiale la città fu preda e covo di inquietudini sociali e politiche. Nel novembre del 1918 i comunisti presero il potere fondando la Repubblica Sovietica di Monaco (Münchner Räterepublik) che venne però rovesciata il 3 maggio 1919 dai Freikorps, alcuni dei quali furono successivamente arruolati da Adolf Hitler e dal Nazismo. Nel 1923 Hitler ed i suoi sostenitori, che si erano riuniti a Monaco, effettuarono il Bierhallenputsch (o Hitlerputsch), un tentativo di spodestare la Repubblica di Weimar e di dare la giusta dimensione al loro potere. La rivolta fallì e costò al fanatico ideologo un arresto e la messa al bando del neonato partito nazista, che era sconosciuto al di fuori di Monaco.
Tuttavia la città divenne una roccaforte Nazista una volta che Hitler prese il potere in Germania, nel 1933 e fu indispensabile per l'ascesa del Nazismo, tanto da essere chiamata dai nazisti stessi Hauptstadt der Bewegung ("capitale del movimento"). Il quartier generale del NSDAP fu stabilito a Monaco e costruito, assieme ad altri edifici utili al partito, a Königsplatz; molti di questi edifici quali sono tutt'ora esistenti. Nel 1939 Monaco fu teatro del fallimento di Georg Elser nel tentativo di assassinare Hitler mentre arringava la folla col suo discorso annuale per commemorare il Putsch della birreria nel Bürgerbräukeller.
Monaco fu inoltre la città dove nacque la "Rosa Bianca" (in tedesco Die Weiße Rose), formata da un gruppo di studenti che si costituirono in un movimento di resistenza al Nazismo dal giugno 1942 al febbraio 1943, quando il nucleo del gruppo venne arrestato ed ucciso dopo la distribuzione di volantini all'Università di Monaco da parte di Hans e Sophie Scholl.
Monaco di Baviera fu molto danneggiata dai bombardamenti alleati durante la seconda guerra mondiale. Dopo la liberazione americana, il 30 maggio 1945, la città fu in gran parte ricostruita con un meticoloso lavoro tendente a restituire la stessa fisionomia a strade e palazzi rispetto alla situazione pre-bellica.
Nel 1972 Monaco ospitò la XX edizione delle Olimpiadi, tristemente famosa per il massacro di undici atleti israeliani da parte di terroristi palestinesi.


Dear frioends, I'm going for a trip in Austria and Germania, see you later

Munich
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Munich is the capital and the largest city of the German state of Bavaria. It is located on the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, behind Berlin and Hamburg. About 1.42 million people live within the city limits. Munich was the host city of the 1972 Summer Olympics.
The city's motto is "München mag dich" (Munich likes you). Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" (Cosmopolitan city with a heart). Its native name, München, is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat of arms. Black and gold—the colours of the Holy Roman Empire—have been the city's official colours since the time of Ludwig the Bavarian.
Modern Munich is a financial and publishing hub, and a frequently top-ranked destination for migration and expatriate location in livability rankings. Munich achieved 4th place in frequently quoted Mercer livability rankings in 2011. For economic and social innovation, the city was ranked 15th globally out of 289 cities in 2010, and 5th in Germany by the 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index based on analysis of 162 indicators.[4] In 2010, Monocle ranked Munich as the world's most livable city (in 2012, Munich was ranked fifth in Monocle's ranking, yet remained the highest ranked city in Germany).
The year 1158 is assumed to be the foundation date, which is only the earliest date the city is mentioned in a document. The document was signed in Augsburg.[6] By that time the Guelph Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, had built a bridge over the river Isar next to a settlement of Benedictine monks—this was on the Old Salt Route and a toll bridge.
In 1175, Munich was officially granted city status and received fortification. In 1180, with the trial of Henry the Lion, Otto I Wittelsbach became Duke of Bavaria and Munich was handed over to the Bishop of Freising. (Wittelsbach's heirs, the Wittelsbach dynasty, would rule Bavaria until 1918.) In 1240, Munich was transferred to Otto II Wittelsbach and in 1255, when the Duchy of Bavaria was split in two, Munich became the ducal residence of Upper Bavaria.
Duke Louis IV was elected German king in 1314 and crowned as Holy Roman Emperor in 1328. He strengthened the city's position by granting it the salt monopoly, thus assuring it of additional income. In the late 15th century Munich underwent a revival of gothic arts—the Old Town Hall was enlarged, and Munich's largest gothic church, now a cathedral—the Frauenkirche—constructed in only twenty years, starting in 1468.
When Bavaria was reunited in 1506, Munich became its capital. The arts and politics became increasingly influenced by the court (see Orlando di Lasso, Heinrich Schuetz and later Mozart and Richard Wagner). During the 16th century Munich was a centre of the German counter reformation, and also of renaissance arts. Duke Wilhelm V commissioned the Jesuit Michaelskirche, which became a centre for the counter-reformation, and also built the Hofbräuhaus for brewing brown beer in 1589. The Catholic League was founded in Munich in 1609. In 1623 during the Thirty Years' War Munich became electoral residence when Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria was invested with the electoral dignity but in 1632 the city was occupied by Gustav II Adolph of Sweden. When the bubonic plague broke out in 1634 and 1635 about one third of the population died. Under the regency of the Bavarian electors Munich was an important centre of baroque life but also had to suffer under Habsburg occupations in 1704 and 1742.
In 1806, the city became the capital of the new Kingdom of Bavaria, with the state's parliament (the Landtag) and the new archdiocese of Munich and Freising being located in the city. Twenty years later Landshut University was moved to Munich. Many of the city's finest buildings belong to this period and were built under the first three Bavarian kings. Later Prince Regent Luitpold's years as regent were marked by tremendous artistic and cultural activity in Munich (see Franz von Stuck and Der Blaue Reiter).
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, life in Munich became very difficult, as the Allied blockade of Germany led to food and fuel shortages. During French air raids in 1916, three bombs fell on Munich. After World War I, the city was at the centre of much political unrest. In November 1918 on the eve of revolution, Ludwig III and his family fled the city. After the murder of the first republican premier of Bavaria Kurt Eisner in February 1919 by Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley, the Bavarian Soviet Republic was proclaimed. When Communists had taken power, Lenin, who had lived in Munich some years before, sent a congratulatory telegram, but the Soviet Republic was put down on 3 May 1919 by the Freikorps. While the republican government had been restored, Munich subsequently became a hotbed of extremist politics, among which Adolf Hitler and the National Socialism rose to prominence.
In 1923 Hitler and his supporters, who were then concentrated in Munich, staged the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic and seize power. The revolt failed, resulting in Hitler's arrest and the temporary crippling of the Nazi Party, which was virtually unknown outside Munich.
The city once again became a Nazi stronghold when the National Socialists took power in Germany in 1933. The National Socialist Workers Party created the first concentration camp at Dachau, 10 miles (16 km) north-west of the city. Because of its importance to the rise of National Socialism, Munich was referred to as the Hauptstadt der Bewegung ("Capital of the Movement"). The NSDAP headquarters was in Munich and many Führerbauten ("Führer-buildings") were built around the Königsplatz, some of which have survived to this day.
The city is known as the site of the culmination of the policy of appeasement employed by Britain and France leading up to World War II. It was in Munich that British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain assented to the annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland region into Greater Germany in the hopes of sating the desires of Hitler's Third Reich.
Munich was the base of the White Rose, a student resistance movement from June 1942 to February 1943. The core members were arrested and executed following a distribution of leaflets in Munich University by Hans and Sophie Scholl.
The city was heavily damaged by allied bombing during World War II—the city was hit by 71 air raids over a period of six years.
After US occupation in 1945, Munich was completely rebuilt following a meticulous and – by comparison to other war-ravaged West German cities – rather conservative plan which preserved its pre-war street grid. In 1957 Munich's population passed the 1 million mark.
Munich was the site of the 1972 Summer Olympics, during which Israeli athletes were assassinated by Palestinian terrorists in the Munich massacre, when gunmen from the Palestinian "Black September" terrorist group took hostage members of the Israeli Olympic team.
Most Munich residents enjoy a high quality of life. Mercer HR Consulting consistently rates the city among the top 10 cities with the highest quality of life worldwide—a 2007 survey ranked Munich as 8th. The same company also ranks Munich as the world's 39th most expensive city to live in and the most expensive major city in Germany.[8] Munich enjoys a thriving economy, driven by the information technology, biotechnology, and publishing sectors. Environmental pollution is low, although as of 2006 the city council is concerned about levels of particulate matter (PM), especially along the city's major thoroughfares. Since the enactment of EU legislation concerning the concentration of particulate in the air, environmental groups such as Greenpeace have staged large protest rallies to urge the city council and the State government to take a harder stance on pollution.[9]
Today, the crime rate is low compared to other large German cities, such as Hamburg or Berlin. This high quality of life and safety has caused the city to be nicknamed "Toytown" amongst the English-speaking residents. German inhabitants call it "Millionendorf", an expression which means "village of a million people".

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Critiques [Translate]

Hi Silvio

Fantastic perspective on this picture.
Excellent colors and details
well done Silvio

regards

I like pov of this beautiful architecture. Good lighng especially the bell tower which looks like it's glowing against the dark clouds. Good dof with nice details. Well done, tfs.

Bonjour Sylvio,

Nice shot, I like the way the bell-tower separates from the dramatic sky. It looks like you have been using a graduated filter on this one. Good sharp details. Good exposure and nice contrast. Good work and TFS.

Alain

Hello Silvio

A beautiful addition to your collection. I like the rule of thirds and the color of the sky to create a very dramatic image. Wonderful work my friend.

jimmy

  • Great 
  • suzley Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1833 W: 317 N: 3045] (23928)
  • [2012-12-04 10:50]

Hi Silvio.

The light and perspective are so dramatic, the structure of the tower to so well pre3sented by you. The mix of sky tones adds much drama to the scene, your notes, impecable, tfs

stv ;o))

An excellent POV makes the tower seem very imposing indeed. The lighting is also very good, with everything sharp. That's a very dramatic sky and, although there is plenty of space to the left hand side, because of the different tones of the sky it works really well. The photo is well composed, and the balance by including the other buildings is very affective. Well done, a cracker.

  • Great 
  • fransx Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2938 W: 134 N: 7397] (41704)
  • [2012-12-04 12:13]

Hi Silvio,
Beautiful architecture adorned with wonderful lighting although such a grey day! I like the POV and the perfect exposure.
Well done,

Francis Xavier

Hello Silvio
Super angle here...nice POV...it gives a heights perspective.
great architectute with nice colors..
TFS..Regards,Robert

Hi Silvio..nice moody shot. I like the perspective and point of view as well as the tones.

Roger

  • Great 
  • linus Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1797 W: 13 N: 1442] (15482)
  • [2012-12-04 19:14]

Hi silvio,
A lovely, clean image. I can not find anything that can be improved in this one.

My only complaint is that your note is too long. I don't think many will read all this. Just my opinion.

Sunil

HI Silvio,
Quite a captive presentation with fantastic ambientation.Clever low angle depicting the size of the "clock tower".Interesting note, thanx.
erwin...

  • Great 
  • VicZik Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 528 W: 82 N: 950] (4812)
  • [2012-12-04 21:25]

Hi Silvio,
This is a well done image with the middle of the tower sandwiched between the dark Sky and dark FG. I love the color and sharp details, Have a great trio and TFS
Best
Vic

OlaSilvio
Good perspective and good light management. I like the tonalities of your image.
um abraço
teresa

I like the POV in this shot giving an idea of the huge architecture of the building against a dramatic scene, Silvio!

The sharpness and DOF are excellent, and colors are hypnotic - Is it due to some PP work?
Light and exposure are wonderful.
Good job!

Ciao,
Paras

Hello Silvio,
Nice capture with beautiful colour tone and sharpness,a balanced composition with wonderful light.
TFS and my regards_Joy

Hello Silvio,
Beautiful perspective from a very good POV. The subtle colours, lines, and patterns, with the roof and the clocks as focal "point" all work well together for a very pleasant image. Well done my friend and enjoy the trip.
Neels

Love this one Silvio. The buildings are as sharp as can be, and I love the purplish tones to the sky color.Well done
Trudy

Hi,a very stylish shot with dramatic light and perspective.Excellent sharpness reveals all the interesting details of the architecture.Best regards,Otto.

  • Great 
  • nicou Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2777 W: 0 N: 5194] (50772)
  • [2012-12-09 22:26]

Hello Silvio

quelle vue sur ce clocher superbe cadrage et image fantastique vue et compo dans un grandiose ciel une superbe iamge avec ce horloge quelle vue quel ensemble parfait.

Bravo et amitié

Nicou

Simplicity of tones in this shot add to the drama. Nice choice to use vertical format.
Regards
David

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