New Croton Dam
|Copyright: angela LL (angela926)
|Date Taken: 2008-11-10|
|Camera: Canon EOS 40 D|
|Exposure: f/9.0, 1/320 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2008-11-10 18:48|
|Favorites: 1 [view]|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|New Croton Dam in Croton-on-Hudson New York.|
The New Croton Dam, part of the New York City water supply system, stretches across the Croton River near Croton-on-Hudson, New York, about 22 miles (35 km) north of New York City. Construction began in 1892 and was completed in 1906. Designed by Alphonse Fteley (1837–1903), this masonry dam is 266 feet (81 m) broad at its base and 297 feet (91 m) high from base to crest. Its foundation extends 130 feet (40 m) below the bed of the river, and the dam contains 850,000 cubic yards (650,000 m3) of masonry. The engineers' tablet mounted on the headhouse nearest the spillway lists the spillway length as 1,000 feet (300 m) and the total length of the dam and spillway combined as 2,188 feet (667 m). At the time of its completion, it was the tallest dam in the world. New Croton Dam impounds up to 19 billion gallons (71.9 million m³) of water, a small fraction of the New York City water system's total storage capacity of 580 billion gallons (2.2 billion m³).
The dam, in Westchester County, has an unusual spillway, part artificial and part natural, which forms a waterfall on the north side of the structure. New Croton Dam has a public park and trail head at its base and a road along its crest. Road use is limited to pedestrians and emergency vehicles.
The original Croton Dam (Old Croton Dam) was built between 1837 and 1842 to improve New York City's water supply. By 1881, after extensive repairs to the dam, which was 50 feet (15 m) high, Old Croton Reservoir was able to supply about 90 million gallons (341,000 m³) a day to the city via the Old Croton Aqueduct. To meet escalating water needs, the Aqueduct Commission of the City of New York ordered construction of a new Croton system in 1885.
The proposed dam and reservoir were to cover 20 square miles (51.8 m²) of land occupied by public and private buildings, six cemeteries, and more than 400 farms. Condemnation disputes led to "protests, lawsuits, and confusion" before payment of claims and the awarding of construction contracts. The work force on the new dam included stone masons and laborers who had worked on the original dam. John B. Goldsborough, superintendent of excavations and hiring for the project, also recruited stone masons from southern Italy, who re-located to New York.
Work began in 1892 at a site four miles (6.4 km) downstream of the original dam, which was submerged by the new reservoir. New Croton Reservoir was eventually able to supply 200 to 300 million gallons (760,000 to 1.14 million m³) a day via a new aqueduct that carried water to Jerome Park Reservoir in the north Bronx, New York City.
Old Croton Trail EndpointBuilding the dam meant diverting the river from its normal path and pumping the riverbed dry. To accomplish this, workers dug a crescent-shaped canal 1,000 feet (300 m) long and 200 feet (61 m) wide in the hill on the north side of the river, secured the canal with a masonry retaining wall, and built temporary dams to control the water flow. The initial construction lasted eight years, and extensive modifications and repairs went on for another six. Working conditions were often difficult. A silent film, The Croton Dam Strike, released in 1900, depicted labor/management problems related to the dam's construction.
The bridge over the spillway was replaced in 1975 and again in 2005. In that same year, because of the September 11 attacks on New York City, the New York City Department of Environmental Protection proposed permanent closure of the road across the top of the dam. Pedestrian and emergency vehicles were allowed to use New Croton Dam Road, but all other traffic was re-routed. The department made plans to replace temporary vehicle barriers with permanent barriers after completion of a New Croton Dam Rehabilitation Project in 2011
Croton Gorge Park offers views of the dam from directly downstream. The Old Croton Trail, a popular hiking and biking path that roughly follows the route of the Old Croton Aqueduct, has an endpoint near the base of the dam. Teatown Lake Reservation, a nature preserve, lies nearby as does Croton Point Park in Croton-on-Hudson.
Soundsangels, machinelove, mvdisco, dareco, Royaldevon has marked this note useful
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You chose the perfect angle to present that dam. You captured all the waterwork of the scenery. Lovely cascades and elegant arch of the bridge. It was a good idea to include the picnic tables on the right, it is interesting for comparision .
What a wonderful work....!!!
The men are also genious.....ouffff!!
Thanks a lot to share this superb shot...
Perfectly captured water action and clear image of dam.
Well composed image and good using of right
- [2008-11-10 22:59]
Impressionnant paysage bien cadré.
this is high, impresive. tfs Joke
Fascinating structure Angela. Well chosen POV.
Great work composing this shot.
Beautiful scene of this fall with a bridge unders, nice composition and details,
very well taken and done..
- [2008-11-11 20:45]
A very beautiful picture and an excellent pov. very good detail, and an interesting post. TFS
What a superb architectural view vith great POV, light and perspective.TFS.
The lines and geopmetric shapes, combine well to make this a very interesting shot. Your angled pov makes a good composition with the spurts of water cascading down under the arch of the bridge.
- [2008-11-13 20:30]
Excellent shot! It is even better than I first thought when I saw the thumbnail...the large view shows the wonderful detail and textures, including the beautiful effects of the water flowing over the stonework. Clear, good composition, subtle light quality...well done!
This is a spectacular photo of a great architecture. Your POV is perfect and so is the sharpness. Colours are natural and I like the falling water.
very good pov, Angela, and beautiful falls
An impressive bridge, seen like this