|Copyright: JC Ramos (jramos)
|Date Taken: 2005-08-13|
|Categories: Nature, Architecture|
|Camera: Canon PowerShot S30|
|Exposure: f/2.8, 1/1000 seconds|
|More Photo Info: [view]|
|Photo Version: Original Version|
|Date Submitted: 2006-03-03 21:24|
|[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note|
|The origins of the Incas is unclear; however, there are a few legends and tales that connect the Incas and their legendary founder, the first Manco Inca, with Tampu Tococo. According to the legends, the Incas conquered Cuzco and then the rest of the Inca empire from that point. Tampu Tococo means "window tavern." Windows are not a common feature of Inca architecture but there are an abundance of windows in the dwellings of Machu Picchu and, of course, the intriguing "Temple of the Three Windows." The legends connect just such a temple with the birthplace of Manco I. Bingham felt that Machu Picchu was both Vilcapampa and Tampu Tococo, the first and last capital of the Incas. He believed that it was the place where "the wisdom, skill and best traditions of the ancient folk who had developed the civilization of Peru" had been preserved. No one knows how this great sanctuary had been built which is known today as the Eighth Wonder of the World.|
The Incas felt a strong kinship with nature and believed in omens, dreams, and visions. During the last days of the Spanish invasion, Huayna Capac, the last great Inca, had many visions. One was of lightning flashes coming from his feet which he took as an evil omen. In Peruvian mythology, the snake and lightning symbolize forces that can bring disease and decay. He soon received news of an outbreak of bubonic plague in Cuzco. The plague spread rapidly and was a contributing factor to bringing the Inca empire down. More sinister visions occurred. While celebrating, "...the people in Cuzco saw an eagle flying in the air pursued by a flock of smaller birds of prey, which repeatedly attacked it with their beaks. Since he could no longer defend himself, the eagle dropped down into the center of the square in front of the Sun Temple." Its whole body was covered with scabs and it had lost most of its feathers and soon died. Other evil omens occurred, such as earthquakes, floods along the coast, comets appeared in the sky, and the moon had "...three great haloes, one blood-red, another shading from black to green, and another ashen." An ancient oracle of the Inca referred to the coming of "...strange peoples, of a kind that has never been seen before; these would rob the Inca of his empire and destroy its state and religion." These prophecies, visions and dreams foretold the fall of the Inca Empire and played a large role in the religious and spiritual world of the Incas.
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